Wisdom teeth are also known as the third molars and they happen to be the last permanent teeth to erupt. These teeth usually erupt in the age between17 to 20 years. You will see that over 85 percent of the 19-20 year olds have at least one wisdom tooth that has erupted only partially or has not yet erupted. Up to the age of 30 years, wisdom tooth can continue to erupt. Less than about 3 percent people are born without any wisdom tooth. In this article we will discuss about Risks and Complications Associated with Wisdom Tooth Extraction.
More than 10 million extractions of wisdom teeth are performed every year. While, in certain cases, extraction of the third molar is most essential, in other cases, oral surgeons suggest the extraction of the wisdom tooth for inhibiting possible future infections and tooth damage.
However, less than twelve-thirteen percent of the wisdom tooth impacts can result in infection or damage to the adjacent teeth. Added to that, the wisdom tooth extraction procedure for many people happen to be just a week or a couple of weeks of discomfort. Many are of the opinion that since extracting the wisdom tooth out is usual, it is devoid of any risks.
But that is not true. Wisdom tooth extraction, though very rare comes with its own set of risks. Just read on.
Major Risks Post Wisdom Tooth Extraction
- Nerve Injury – This can cause permanent or temporary issues such as numbness and pain.
- Dry Socket –This happens when a blood clot is dislodged or fails to develop in the tooth socket.
- Bleeding – Mild or profuse bleeding from the wisdom tooth area.
- Infection – The signs include the white or yellow discharge from the site of extraction, a high temperature and permanent swelling with pain.
Other Risks Include
Here are some of the other risks involved in the removal of the wisdom tooth. Just read on.
- Risks and potential complication of anaesthesia like heart attack and stroke can arise after the extraction.
- A long-lasting feeling of loss can be felt in the lips, tongue and cheeks that does not go away. This can range from a feeling of being pinched with needles and pins to total numbness.
- The subsequent stiches can lead to infection in the area of extraction.
- A lingual nerve damage can lead to permanent numbness, a loss of taste and other mouth and tongue issues.
- Fracture can emerge in the jaw if the surgeon removes a portion of the bone in order to access the tooth that is impacted easily.
- Damage to the structures of the existing dental work or adjacent teeth can occur.
- In the gum tissue there can be bone splinters or root fragments left behind.
- There can also be emergence of fractures in the jaw if the surgeon removes a bone portion for easily accessing the impacted tooth.
Just like all other surgical procedures there are potential risks involved in case of wisdom tooth extraction, too. These comprise of the issues like infection or delayed healing. Any of these can happen especially in case of patient who smoke at the time of recovery.
If you are advised to go for extraction of your third molar you should not only be well-informed about the procedure but should also try to select the most competent and experienced oral surgeon. You should choose a reliable dental care center where you can get the treatment at the best wisdom tooth extraction cost. All these will ensure that you face minimum trouble after your wisdom tooth is extracted.